Royalty: Kings & Queens,  Prince's & Princess's    page 8

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King Rama VII Phrapokklao

(King Prajadhipok) 1929 - 1935 (abdicated)

Born in Bangkok on November 8th, 1893. King Prajadhipok  succeeded to the throne on the death of his elder brother, King Vajiravudh. He had not expected to become King - indeed until nine months before the death

of King Vajiravudh the heir presumptive to the throne had been Prince Asdang dejavudh, Prince of Nakorn Rajasima, and with his death in February 1925, Prince Prajadhipok became presumptive. However, King Vajiravudh's consort, Phra Nang Chao Suvadhana, was expecting a child, and had she given birth to a son he would have succeeded his father as Rama VII. The birth of a daughter took place two days before King Vajiravudh's death and so it was that Prince Prajadhipok became King.

His reign coincide with the world wide economic depression which followed the wall Street Crash of 1929 and its effects were not unfelt in Siam. On April 6th., 1932 the country celebrated the sesquicentenary of the Chakri Dynasty - two months later a coup de'etat was staged with the eventual transferal of power to a Legislative Assembly. Thus the 150-year absolute rule of the Chakri Kings came to an end and the Constitute Monarchy of the present day was born.

On December 10th., 1932 King Prajadhipok granted a constitution to the Thai people and in just over two years later, on March 2nd., 1935, having gone to live in England in order to receive medical treatment, he abdicated the throne. King Prajadhipok died in England on May 30th., 1941, during World War II, and his ashes were brought back to Bangkok by his widow, Queen Rambhai Barni in 1949.


        Queen Rambhai

Queen Rambhai Barni

Was the daughter of HRH Prince Svasti Vatanavisishta, and granddaughter of King Monkut. She was married to Prince Prajadhipok in 1918 and was created Queen on the day of King Prajahipok's coronation.

Queen Rambhai Barni accompanied her husband on a number of state visits abroad during his reign and was the first Thai Queen to become well known in the West. She shared his exile in England and after his death in 1941 remained in that country. She returned to Thailand with her husbands ashes in 1949 and spent the rest of her life in her own country. She died on May 22nd., 1984, at the age of  79. Her cremation, which took place on April 8th., 1985, was an occasion of great ceremony, for she was cremated according to full royal rites within a specially constructed pavilion on the Phra Mane Ground in Bangkok - the first such cremation to have taken place in Thailand for 30 years.


Princess Galyani Vadhana 1923 -


        King Anada Mahidol

King Rama VIII Ananda Mahidol     1935 - 1946

Born on September 20th., 1925, the elder son and second child of H.R.H Prince Mahidol Adulyadej, Prince of Songkhla. He succeeded his uncle, King Prajadhipok, as King on March 2nd., 1935.

King Ananda Mahidol spent his early years in Switzerland, receiving his education there and made occasional trips to Thailand. He returned to Bangkok after the end of World war II, but his life and his reign came to an abrupt end when he died, on June 9th., 1946. King Ananda Mahidol was never crowned and shortly after his death his younger brother and successor, King Bhomibol Adulyadej, posthumously altered his last title and raised him from seven to nine levels of royal umbrella, as a fully crowned and anointed sovereign of Thailand.


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King Rama IX  Bhomibol Adulyadej the Great   1946 -

Born on December 5th., 1927 in Cambridge Massachusetts. He succeeded his elder brother as King on June 9th., 1946. On April 28th., 1950 King Bhomibol Adulyadej was married to Mon Rajawongse Sirikit Kitiyakara, a

great granddaughter of King Chulalongkorn and the following week, on May 5th., 1950, was crowned as King and his wife was installed as Queen in a glittering  ceremony in the Grand Palace. King Bhomibol and Queen Sirikit have four children, the former Princess Ubol Ratana Rajakanya, Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn., Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Princess Chulabhorn Valayalaksana.

As his reign has advanced, the growing reverence of the Thai people for their sovereign has become ever more apparent and on May 5th., 1987, to mark his forthcoming 60th birthday, King Bhomibol Adulyadej was proclaimed "The Great" by his Excellency the Prime Minister of Thailand. On July 1988 he celebrated his record reign on which he will have reigned longer than any of his predecessors.


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Queen Sirikit

A daughter of His Highness Prince Nakkhatra Mongol, Prince of Chandaburi, a grandson of King Chulalongkorn. She was married to King Bhomibol Adulyadej in a ceremony performed by Queen Sri Savarindira the Queen grandmother, who was then aged 87.

In 1956, when King Bhomibol Adulyadej entered the monkshood she acted as Regent of the Kingdom. Following the end of her regency she was created Somdetch Phra Baromma Rajini Nath, (Queen regent), a title held by one other Queen, Saovabha Phongsri, wife of King Chulalongkorn.

From the time His Majesty the King returned to Thailand in 1950 with M.R. Sirikit Kitiyakara by his side as his fiancee, to the day of the royal wedding when she became the Queen of Thailand, Her Majesty has since been the cherished Queen of her subjects. She has been the devoted consort of His Majesty the King and the pride of the Chakri Dynasty. After the miserable days of World War II, the great loss of their beloved late king, and the departure of the new King who had to continue his education abroad, Her Majesty has been endeavouring to attend as many functions as she can to show her appreciation of the people's tributes. Thais have been gratified to see the Queen at the functions, following her absence from the limelight for a long while.  The functions are mostly fund-raising events.


HRH Princess Ubol Ratana Rajakanya 1951-

The Former Her Royal Highness Princess Ubol Ratana who was born on the 5th. of April 1951, in Lausanne, Switzerland and graduated form the Faculty of Science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in The United States of America with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Bio-Chemistry in 1973. She is married to Mr. Peter Ladd Jensen and now resides in The United States of America with her husband and their son Bhumi born in 1983, and their two daughters  Ploypailin (1981), and Sirikitya (1985).


 

Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. 

1952 -

His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn   was born on the 28th. of July 1952, in Bangkok, Thailand, and was conferred with   was born on the 28th. of July 1952, in Bangkok, Thailand, and was conferred with

the title of Somdech Phra Boroma Orasadhiraj Chao Fah Maha Vajiralongkorn Sayam Makutrajakuman by His Majesty the King on the 28th. of December 1972, making him the Crown Prince or Heir to the Throne. His Royal Highness graduated from the Royal Military College Duntroon, Australia, on the 9th. of December 1975, and now serves in the Royal Thai Army, with the rank of Major General and commands the King's Own Body-Guards Regiment, the First Division, Royal Guards. His Royal Highness is married to Her Royal Highness Princess Soamsawali (nee Mom Luang Soamsawali Kitiyakara) and has one daughter


Princess Somsavali 1957-


Princess Barjra Kittiyabha 1978-


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Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn

   1955 -

Somdetch Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (born Her Royal Highness Princess Sirindhorn) is the third child of Their Majesties King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit of Thailand.

Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn was born on 2nd April 1955, the third child of Their Majesties the King and Queen of Thailand. 

Ranked fourth in the National University Entrance Examination, HRH enrolled in the Faculty of Arts Chulalongkorn University and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree, first class honor, gold medal in History in 1976. She continued her studies in two graduate programs concurrently, obtaining an M.A. in Oriental Epigraphy (Sanskrit and Cambodian) from Silpakorn University in 1978, and an M.A. in Pali and Sanskrit from Chulalongkorn University in 1980. She enrolled in a doctoral program at Srinakharinwirot University (former College of Education) in 1981, and was awarded a doctoral degree in Development Educationin 1987.

HRH runs several philanthropic organizations and foundations. She is Executive Vice President of the Thai Red Cross Society since 1977; Executive Chairman of the Foundation (in charge of His Majesty's development and environmental preservation projects), Ananda Mahidol Foundation(to promote higher education), the King Rama II Foundation (to conserve and promote Thai Culture); President of the Sai Jai Thai Foundation (to support disabled veterans), Prince Mahidol Award Foundation (to award prizes annually to members of the international community for outstanding performances in the fields of medicine and public health); and Adviser of the Committee by Royal Command of H.M. the King.

HRH began her teaching career in 1979 when she started teaching General Education Program at Chulalongkorn University. A year later, she joined the Department of Law and Social Sciences, in the Academic Division of Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy Presently she is Director of the Department of History, and has played an active part in revising its curriculum. She regularly attends academic conferences and seminars both in and outside the country. In addition, HRH represents Their Majesties in various royal functions. She also presides over ceremonies as well as other social and charity functions all through the year. In 1991, HRH was awarded the Magsaysay Award for Public Service.


Princess Chulabhorn   Valayalaksana

1957-

Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn was born on the 4 th. of July 1957 at the Ambra Villa, Dusit Palace, in Bangkok, Thailand, and graduated from the Faculty of Science and Arts at Kasetsart University with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Organic Chemistry, First Class Honours, in 1979. Her Royal Highness completed her doctorate work in organic chemistry in 1985, and received her Doctor of Philosophy Degree from Mahidol University in July of the same year. She married Sqd. Ldr Virayuth Didyasarin.


Sqd. Ldr Virayuth Didyasarin   1955-

Married HRH Princess Chulabhorn on January 7th 1982 at the Chakri Throne Hall, at the Grand Place, in Bangkok, Thailand.


Princess Siribha Chudhabhorn 1982 -


Princess Adityadorn Kitikhun 1984 -


     

Copyright 1998 USMTA Inc.  All rights reserved. Revised: December 27, 2004.